Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Somalia.

Climate Data Projections

The climate science community sources a suite of global climate models to help decision makers understand the projections of future climate change and related impacts, among the most widely used are the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, Phase 5 (CMIP5) models included in the IPCC's Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). Key projected climate trends are summarized below:


  • Mean annual temperatures are projected to increase by around 3°C across all areas of Somalia by the end of the century.


  • Precipitation projections indicate a general increase in annual rainfall by the end of the century. However, Somalia is likely to experience extreme precipitation events on an increasing base. For example, days with very low precipitation are projected to increasingly occur for the same time period. 
  • The probability of droughts is increasing by 2100.

This section provides the options to visualize climate variables and indices derived from scientifically vetted CMIP5 projections for different timeframes, statistics, emission scenarios, and climate models.

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Use the menu above to visualize different climate projection layers and chart data. Click on the map to get location specific data.