Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Qatar.

Climate Data Historical

Qatar has a desert climate. The country experiences long summers from May to September characterized by intense dry heat, with temperatures rising above 45°C. Winter temperatures are mild but may fall below 5°C. Rainfall is only experienced during the winter with the northern parts of the country receiving 30% more rainfall than the south. Qatar is impacted by Shamal winds, which cause sand and dust storms throughout the year.

Key Trends:


  • The country’s climate records indicate that annual mean temperature has increased by 0.3°C over the last 40 years.


  • While several gaps exist in historical data, the linear trend for seasonal average and decadal variability at the nearest station indicates a 1.74 mm/month per century increase in precipitation.

The section below allows you to explore climate temporal and spatial variability from 1901 to 2016. The dataset is produced by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia (UEA).



Click on map to change chart data from country aggregated to site-specific data.