Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Oman.

Climate Data Historical

Oman has a subtropical, dry climate with summer monsoons and hot, dusty winds. During the summer months of June and July, temperatures reach 48°C during day, and average about 32°C at night. Winter seasons are cooler with occasional rainfall, and spring and autumn are warm and mostly dry with maximum temperatures between 25°C and 35°C.

Key Trends:


  • Mean annual temperature has increased by 0.7°C since 1950.


  • Station records for Muscat to the north indicate a precipitation increase of 5.25 mm/month per century, while records at Masirah indicate increase of 0.00191 mm/month per century and records at Salalah to the south indicate an increase of 4.59 mm/month per century for the period 1950 to 2000.

The section below allows you to explore climate temporal and spatial variability from 1901 to 2016. The dataset is produced by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia (UEA).


Click on map to change chart data from country aggregated to site-specific data.