The climate science community sources a suite of global climate models to help decision makers understand the projections of future climate change and related impacts, among the most widely used are the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, Phase 5 (CMIP5) models included in the IPCC's Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). According to the USAID Climate Risk Profile, key projected climate trends include:
- Mean annual temperature is projected to increase by 0.6-2.7˚C by the 2060s and by 1.2-4.5˚C degrees by the 2090s, with more rapid increases in the northeastern part of the country.
- Projections of mean annual rainfall do not show a consistent direction of change, but median values across emissions scenarios are negative.
- Increased frequency and intensity of hurricanes is expected.
This section provides the options to visualize climate variables and indices derived from scientifically vetted CMIP5 projections for different timeframes, statistics, emission scenarios, and climate models.