This page presents Netherlands's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit. Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.
The Netherlands is located in the ‘temperate zone’. Throughout the country, mean winter temperatures are about 3°C and mean summer temperatures are around 17°C. Coastal regions have more hours of sunshine than inland regions and a relatively small annual and diurnal temperature range. The 30-year annual average temperature in the centre of the country is 10°C, while the mean annual average at 52°N is close to 4°C.
- An increase of around 1°C has been measured in the Netherlands over the last 100 years, leveling off in the most recent trades.
- The years 2006, 2007, and 2014 were the top three warmest years of the last 300 years, with an average of 11.4°C; the 1981 – 2010 average being 10.1°C.
- Extreme precipitation in the Netherlands has increased.
- Mean monthly precipitation exhibits a rather strong annual cycle; the driest months are February, April and May; the wettest are October and November.
- The variation in mean annual precipitation deviates locally by no more than 16% from the national mean of 847 mm.