Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Moldova.

Current Climate Climatology

This page presents Moldova's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit.  Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for  specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.

Observed, historical data is produced by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia. Data is presented at a 0.5º x 0.5º (50km x 50km) resolution.


Click on map to change chart data from country aggregated to site-specific data.


Climate Data Historical

The climate of Moldova is moderately continental, characterized by relatively mild winters with little snow, long warm summers and low humidity. The average annual temperatures vary between 6.3°C in the North to 12.3°C in the South. Warm weather lasts about 190 days. The average annual precipitation varies between 307 mm – 960 mm per year. The majority of precipitation occurs in the form of rainfall and snow accounts for as little as 10%.


  • Observer temperature trends have revealed an increase in average temperature greater than 1°C over the last 127 years (1887 – 2014).
  • The annual air temperature in Moldova has seen a sharp increase since 1980 of approximately 0.58°C per decade.
  • Seven of the ten warmest years in Moldova’s history occurred within the last twenty years.


  • An overall decrease in annual precipitation, has been observed over the last 127 years (1887 – 2014).
  • From 1980 to present, there is an increase in spring rainfall and a decrease in summer rainfall.  Both the autumn and winter seasons and the annual average precipitation have seen a gradual rainfall increase since 1980.

Click on map to change chart data from country aggregated to site-specific data.