Moldova’s climate is moderately continental, characterized by relatively mild winters (December - February) with little snow, long warm summers (June - August) and low humidity. The average annual air temperatures vary between 6.5°C in the north and 12.3°C in the south. The average annual precipitation for Moldova was approximately 460 mm for the period 1960-2009, with a maximum value in summer of 180 mm and a minimum value of 60 mm in autumn. Although the wettest months of the year typically occur in the first half of the summer, lengthy dry spells, especially in late summer, combined with high temperatures and hot continental winds can cause severe stress to crops and pastures during critical stages in their growth cycles.
- The annual air temperature in Moldova has seen a sharp increase since 1980 of approximately 0.58°C per decade.
- Seven of the ten warmest years in Moldova’s history occurred within the last twenty years.
- From 1980 to present, there is an increase in spring rainfall and a decrease in summer rainfall. Both the autumn and winter seasons and the annual average precipitation have seen a gradual rainfall increase since 1980.
This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.