This page presents Malta's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit. Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.
The climate of the Maltese Islands can be described as typically Mediterranean, with hot, dry summers and relatively mild winters.
- An increase in the mean annual temperature of about 0.5°C in 77 years was observed, in line with the regional value over the Mediterranean during the last century.
- The maximum local temperature increased by 1.5°C, while the minimum decreased by 0.8°C over the same period. Observed extremes in the maximum and minimum temperatures are typical of desert regions.
- Rainfall patterns show a relatively high spatial variability over the Maltese territory and no definite trend in the observed precipitation.
- Since 1923, there has been little change in rainfall during winter and summer, whereas there has been a decrease of 0.14 mm per year during spring and an increase of 0.8 mm per year during autumn.