Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Maldives.

Current Climate Climatology

This page presents Maldives's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit.  Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for  specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.

Observed, historical data is produced by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia. Data is presented at a 0.5º x 0.5º (50km x 50km) resolution.


Click on map to change chart data from country aggregated to site-specific data.


Climate Data Historical

Maldives is characterized by a warm and humid tropical monsoon climate with an annual mean temperature of 28°C. The islands experience little variation in temperatures throughout the year. The seasonal cycle is strongest in the north recording an average maximum temperature of around 29.3°C just prior to the onset of the southwest monsoons (April-May) and an average minimum temperature of around 27.4°C prior to the onset of the northeast monsoons (December-January). The southern equatorial regions experience precipitation throughout the year and do not experience a very significant dry spell related to the northeast monsoons. 


  • In 1969-1999, the annual average maximum and annual average minimum temperatures in Malé (central region) show a rising trend of 0.17°C and 0.07°C per decade respectively. 
  • An increasing trend is observed for central and northern regions, with the northern atolls showing a more pronounced increase. The southern atolls do not show any visible trend in the short-term record of annual average maximum temperatures.


  • The analysis of annual rainfall totals from 1969-1998 for Malé (central) and Gan (south) shows a decreasing trend of around 2.7 mm/year and 7.6 mm/year respectively.
  • Further, on analyzing the seasonal average precipitation for the same period at Malé, it can be seen that the decreasing trend is visible only during the southwest monsoon season, while no significant trend is observed during the northeast monsoon.

Click on map to change chart data from country aggregated to site-specific data.