Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Libya.

Climate Data Historical

Libya’s climate is influenced by the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Sahara desert to the south and, as a result, abrupt transitions of weather conditions are experienced across the country. The Mediterranean coastal strip experiences dry summers and relatively wet winters. The Jabal Natusah and Jabal Akhdal highlands experience a plateau climate, with higher rainfall and humidity and low winter temperatures. The northern Tripoli regions of Jabal Nafusah and Jifarah Plain and the northern Benghazi region of Jabal al Akhdar receive the highest average annual rainfall, exceeding the minimum value of 250-300 mm. Pre-desert and desert conditions, with scorching temperatures of daily thermal variations, are experienced in the southern part of the interior where rain is rare and irregular. Rainfall in Libya occurs during the winter months, with average annual rainfall of 26 mm and great variations from place to place and from year to year. Approximately 93% of the land surface receives less than 100 mm of rain per year.


  • Temperature has decreased by 0.89°C per century, from 1901-2000.


  • Rainfall has decreased by 20.92 mm per month per century since the 1950's.

This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.



Click on map to change chart data from country aggregated to site-specific data.