Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Kuwait.


Overall risks from climate-related impacts are evaluated based on the interaction of climate-related hazards (including hazardous events and trends) with the vulnerability of communities (susceptibility to harm and lack of capacity to adapt), and exposure of human and natural systems. Changes in both the climate system and socioeconomic processes -including adaptation and mitigation actions- are drivers of hazards, exposure, and vulnerability (IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, 2014). 

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.

Natural Hazard / Development Nexus

This tool allows the overlay of different natural hazard maps with social economic datasets by sliding the bar horizontally, which provides a broad sense of vulnerable areas.


Key Vulnerabilities

  • Rainfall in Kuwait tends to be erratic, often characterized by heavy storms that cause flash floods. The country’s flat landscape increases the impact of floods on infrastructure and agriculture.
  • Kuwait’s arid climate is aggravated by low annual rainfall, which leads to an increase in drought occurrences. Climate change may increase the length, severity and frequency of droughts, which will intensify existing water problems, and could severely affect plant cover, possibly leading to an increase in wind erosion and sand encroachment.
  • Winds that cause sand storms in the northern part of the Arabian Gulf are linked with the movement of short waves in atmospheric layers over the eastern part of the Mediterranean.
  • In the desert areas, sandstorms are more frequent during the summer due to hot air over the desert. In recent years, Kuwait has witnessed sandstorms with speeds up to 60 km per hour.

More information on natural hazards can be found at ThinkHazard.


  • Increase in river fluctuations is expected to intensify flood occurrence.
  • Decrease in precipitation rates might lead to longer and severe droughts.
  • Increase in water pollution and contamination is likely to intensify epidemics, particularly cholera.
  • Increased drought periods are likely to decrease agricultural production with significant impacts on livestock production.
  • Increase in floods is expected to aggravate damage to infrastructure.
  • Increase in droughts might increase rural-urban migration, increasing pressure on the already strained urban social and economic infrastructure.