Historical Hazards

Jamaica is likely to undergo a warming and drying trend and is expected to endure more frequent droughts, rainfalls with increased intensity, and rising sea levels. The North Atlantic hurricane season (June 1 to November 30) coincides with Jamaica’s rainy season and the Caribbean seas highest levels of conducive and convective activity. Prolonged rainfall events of more than two days are associated with 67% of severe flooding events (46% of these were from hurricanes and tropical depressions). Instances of extreme rainfall can cause flooding. (State of the Jamaican Climate)

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.


Climate change is now recognized to have a significant impact on disaster management efforts and pose a significant threat to the efforts to meet the growing needs of the most vulnerable populations. The demands of disaster risk management are such that concise, clear, and reliable information is crucial. The information presented here offers insight into the frequency, impact and occurrence of natural hazards.