Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Israel.

Current Climate Climatology

This page presents Israel's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit.  Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for  specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.

Observed, historical data is produced by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia. Data is presented at a 0.5º x 0.5º (50km x 50km) resolution.


Click on map to change chart data from country aggregated to site-specific data.


Climate Data Historical

Israel lies in a transition zone between the hot and arid southern part of West Asia and the relatively cooler and wetter northern Mediterranean region. The northern part of Israel is characterized by a Mediterranean climate, while the southern part is arid, with a narrow, semi-arid strip in between. Israel’s climate is characterized by hot summers and mild winters. Rainfall varies significantly across the country and from year to year. Average annual rainfall volume during 2000-2009 was 5.78 Billion Cubic Meters (BCM).


  • The mean annual temperatures recorded in Israel have increased steadily since the 1990s, although these are slightly lower than averages from the 1950s and 1960s due to relatively high temperatures during those years. In all but one year, the mean temperature was higher during 1995-2009 than during 1981-2000. 
  • The average changes in temperature for January were +0.5°C (daily lows) and +0.7°C (daily highs). The average changes in temperature for July were +1.1°C (daily lows) and +0.9°C (daily highs).


  • Average annual rainfall during the following decade, 2010- 2016, was slightly higher at 6.02 BCM.
  • In the last few decades, a reduction in rainfall has been measured in Israel’s north where the tributaries that feed the Jordan River are located. 
  • Drier conditions have also been measured in southern Israel, but no significant trends in the amount of precipitation has been found in central Israel.

Click on map to change chart data from country aggregated to site-specific data.