Current Climate

Climatology

This page presents Hungary's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit.  Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for  specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.

Observed, historical data is produced by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia. Data is presented at a 0.5º x 0.5º (50km x 50km) resolution.

The climate is characterized as temperate, with cold, humid winters and warm summers. Three climatic zones: continental, oceanic and Mediterranean climates affect the country’s conditions. Hungary is Greenwich Mean Time plus one hour. Hungary has a continental climate, with hot summers with low overall humidity levels but frequent showers and frigid to cold snowy winters. 

Temperature

  • The average annual temperature is between 10 and 11°C (50-52 °F). Recorded temperature extremes are about 42°C (107.6°F) in the summer and −34°C (−20.2 °F) in the winter. 
  • The average temperature in the summer falls between 27°C (80.6 °F) and 35°C (95 °F) and in the winter it varies from 0°C (32 °F) to −15°C (5.0 °F). 

Precipitation

  • The average yearly rainfall is approximately 600 mm (23.6 in). Due to climate characteristics, the primary foreseen impact of climate change is precipitation change, floods and drought.

This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.