Historical Hazards

Eswatini is at risk of hydrometeorological hazards and natural disasters, which primarily affect the agricultural sector, through seasonal flooding and periods of drought. The country experiences natural hazards such as violent storms, epidemic diseases, floods, storms and forest fires. Persistent drought is further exacerbating the country’s existing challenges of food insecurity and ability to attain development goals. Consequences of severe, recent droughts for the country have resulted in 25% of the population being vulnerable and acknowledged as food and water insecure, with many households still reliant on welfare and social safety nets. The regions with the highest prevalence of food insecurity are Lubombo and Shiswelweni, the areas most affected by the drought. 

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. It allows for a quick assessment of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.


Climate change is now recognized to have a significant impact on disaster management efforts and pose a significant threat to the efforts to meet the growing needs of the most vulnerable populations. The demands of disaster risk management are such that concise, clear, and reliable information is crucial. The information presented here offers insight into the frequency, impact and occurrence of natural hazards.