This page presents Cyprus's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit. Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.
Cyprus has an intense Mediterranean climate with the typical seasonal rhythm strongly marked in respect of temperature, rainfall, and weather, generally. Hot and dry summers last from mid-May to mid-October and mild, rainy, rather changeable, winters last from November to mid-March, separated by short autumn and spring seasons. The annual mean temperature for Cyprus varies from year to year, from 16.1°C to 19.7° C, with an average of 17.5°C. The mean annual precipitation varies from year to year and from place to place. The lowest mean annual precipitation for Cyprus was 213 mm in 1972-73 and the highest was 800 mm in 1968-69. The mean annual precipitation for the period 1961-90 is 503 mm. The wettest months are normally December, January and February and the driest are July, August and September.
- The average annual temperature in Cyprus, both in urban and in rural areas, presents an increasing trend.
- The year 2010 was the warmest ever recorded in Cyprus.
- The years 1961, 1965, and 1967 were the coldest in the last 62 years.
- During the recent years, it has been observed that even though the total annual amount of rainfall has not changed significantly, the annual distribution of rainfall has changed considerably, showing extreme rainfall years with large amounts of rain alternating with periods of drought.
- A decreasing trend of rainfall amounts observed in the last 116 years.
- Annual precipitation in Cyprus has on average decreased by about 100mm in the last 85 years.