This page presents Cyprus's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit. Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.
Observed, historical data is produced by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia. Data is presented at a 0.5º x 0.5º (50km x 50km) resolution.
Cyprus has an intense Mediterranean climate with the typical seasonal rhythm strongly marked in respect of temperature, rainfall, and weather, generally. Hot and dry summers last from mid-May to mid-October and mild, rainy, rather changeable, winters last from November to mid-March, separated by short autumn and spring seasons. The annual mean temperature for Cyprus varies from year to year, from 16.1°C to 19.7° C, with an average of 17.5°C. The mean annual precipitation varies from year to year and from place to place. The lowest mean annual precipitation for Cyprus was 213 mm in 1972-73 and the highest was 800 mm in 1968-69. The mean annual precipitation for the period 1961-90 is 503 mm. The wettest months are normally December, January and February and the driest are July, August and September.