Overall risks from climate-related impacts are evaluated based on the interaction of climate-related hazards (including hazardous events and trends) with the vulnerability of communities (susceptibility to harm and lack of capacity to adapt), and exposure of human and natural systems. Changes in both the climate system and socioeconomic processes -including adaptation and mitigation actions- are drivers of hazards, exposure, and vulnerability (IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, 2014).
This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.
The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.
Climate change is now recognized to have a significant impact on disaster management efforts and pose a significant threat to the efforts to meet the growing needs of the most vulnerable populations. The demands of disaster risk management are such that concise, clear, and reliable information is crucial. The information presented here offers insight into the frequency, impact and occurrence of natural hazards. Source (PDF)
Understanding natural hazard occurrence as well as historical climate conditions, in relation to development contexts, is critical to understanding a country’s historical vulnerability. This tool allows the visualization of different natural hazards or historical climate conditions with socio-economic and development datasets. Select the Development Context and either a Natural Hazard or Climate Condition and overlay horizontally by sliding the toggle left or right to gain a broader sense of historically vulnerable areas.
Data presented under Historical Climate Conditions are reanalysis products derived from ERA5-Land data. ERA5-Land is a global land-surface dataset at 9 km resolution, consistent with atmospheric data from the ERA5 reanalysis from 1950 onward. Climate reanalyses combine past observations with models to generate consistent time series of multiple climate variables. They provide a comprehensive description of the observed climate as it has evolved during recent decades, on 3D grids at sub-daily intervals.
This data has been collected, aggregated and processed by the Climate Resilience Cluster of the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Earth Observation for Sustainable Development (EO4SD) initiative.
- Floods repeatedly hit Cote d’Ivoire, especially in the southern part of the country where the highest amount of rainfall occurs. The city of Abidjan is very prone to flooding and poor sanitation systems within urban areas, such as clogged drains and sewers, lead to flooding during the rainy season.
- Droughts are expected to increasingly impact the semi-arid northern savannah region of the country in the coming century.
- Cote d’Ivoire is exposed to many different diseases that are influenced by climate parameters (e.g. malaria), which is also the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. As temperatures increase, malaria could expand into previously unaffected areas as temperatures become more conducive to the survival of the vector. Additionally, re-emergence of potentially epidemic outbreaks of diseases such as cholera and meningitis has occurred recently. The northern part of the country is most threatened by meningitis while urban areas are mostly affected by cholera. Poor sanitation and water resources infrastructure also enhance the risk of some of these diseases.
- The potable water supply in the country has increased in recent years but there are frequent service disruptions and a large share of the population still remains without access to clean water. Poor infrastructure and capacity in this sector contributes to flooding and disease outbreaks in urban areas as well as lack of access to potable water for parts of the population. The Abidjan water table has already seen a reduction in its levels, and pollution is present in many waterways throughout the country.
More information on natural hazards can be found at ThinkHazard.
- The city of Abidjan is very prone to flooding and poor sanitation systems within urban areas, such as clogged drains and sewers, lead to flooding during the rainy season. Better management and design of structures to reduce flooding in urban areas is needed to manage the risks of natural disasters.
- Flooding from coastal sea level rise will also threaten communities situated on the coast as well as agricultural production. Better land and housing development practices will help reduce the vulnerability of the populations living in the flood prone areas as well as early warning systems to help mitigate risks associated with flooding.
- Protection, conservation, and better management of Côte d’Ivoire’s water resources are imperative to reduce the risks of food insecurity, lack of water, and outbreaks of disease in the future.
- Côte d’Ivoire needs to establish an integrated resources management plan to help with increasing demand for food, bio-energy, and ecosystem services as droughts become more likely.
- The northern part of the country is most threatened by meningitis while urban areas are mostly affected by cholera. Poor sanitation and water resources infrastructure also enhance the risk of some of these diseases. Education, information, and awareness raising is essential to understand how these diseases will change in the future as a result of climate change and in order to reduce the populations susceptibility to them, especially among the most vulnerable populations to them.
- The agricultural sector will need to be made more resilient with better crop varieties and planting strategies as well as more efficient use of water resources in the wake of such natural disasters.