Historical Hazards

Chile is highly exposed and vulnerable to multiple hazards with such as earthquakes, volcanic activity, and tsunamis as well as hazards which can change due to climate change such as wildfires, floods and landslides, and droughts. Chile has suffered many instances of drought, including a drought between 2008-2015 that affected much of the southern and central areas. Climate change is expected to change the frequency, intensity, exposure, and magnitude of multiple hazards that have historically affected Chile, namely, wildfires, floods and landslides, droughts, and impacts of sea level rise. The accumulation of risks, exposure, and multiple hazards can have important implications for economic growth and development in regions particularly for electricity generation, agriculture, and public health.

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.


Climate change is now recognized to have a significant impact on disaster management efforts and pose a significant threat to the efforts to meet the growing needs of the most vulnerable populations. The demands of disaster risk management are such that concise, clear, and reliable information is crucial. The information presented here offers insight into the frequency, impact and occurrence of natural hazards.