This page presents Cape Verde's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit. Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.
Observed, historical data is produced by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia. Data is presented at a 0.5º x 0.5º (50km x 50km) resolution.
Cape Verde has three distinct seasons, determined by the activity and intensity of the dominant regional weather systems, identified in a transition season (November to February), a dry season (March June), a rainy season (July to October). Annual temperatures have a low temperature range. The average annual temperature is around 25ºC for coastal areas, reaching 19ºC in areas above 1,000 m. The minimum values between 20ºC and 21ºC, correspond to January to April, and the maximum values of 26ºC to 28ºC in August September.
- Since 1990, temperature increased by 0.04%/year.
- Results show a reduction in annual average precipitation of about 2%, with probable a reduction in the rainfall in the wet season.