Country

Armenia

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Armenia.

Vulnerability

High poverty rates have persisted in Armenia driving up vulnerability to natural hazards and climate risks. The most serious disasters in Armenia’s history have primarily been earthquakes, notably the 1988 Spitak quake, which killed over 25,000 people. Armenia has vulnerability to mudflow and landslides (GFDRR: Armenia, 2017). Around 4.1% of the country’s area is exposed to landslide risk, and almost one third of its communities. Large areas face drought risk, and some areas, particularly the Ararat and Shirak valleys, face flood risk. Around 40,000 people are affected by flooding each year costing around $100 million in national GDP. The risks of disasters resulting from these drivers are likely to increase as the severity and frequency of extreme climate events increases due to climate change.

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. And it allows quick evaluation of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

Natural Hazard Statistics

The charts provide overview of the most frequent natural disaster in a given country and understand the impacts of those disasters on human populations.

Natural Hazard / Development Nexus

This tool allows the overlay of different natural hazard maps with social economic datasets by sliding the bar horizontally, which provides a broad sense of vulnerable areas.

 
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Key Vulnerabilities

  • The 2001 drought highlighted the vulnerability of the rural poor to drought, agencies working in the region reported more than 25,000 poor households affected, the majority of whom were dependent on local food production which was severely drought damaged.
  • Heavy rainfall events are known to trigger landslides and mudflows in rural areas of Armenia, often affecting poorer rural communities.
  • River levels in Armenia are particularly variable and can change rapidly, often without forewarning, resulting in flooding.
  • Flooding can result in damage to agricultural production in rural areas. As of 2014 UNISDR estimate this amounts to an average annual loss of $21 million.
  • The Government of Armenia, led by its National Disaster Observatory, is focusing on improving information, monitoring and warning systems to better understand and respond to disaster risk, this includes flood, mud and landslide risk mapping
  • Efforts are needed to improve disaster preparedness, particularly in remote and poor communities
  • The government, with support from the World Bank, is exploring risk-financing models to help reduce the economic burden of disaster on the government, businesses, and households.