Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Nepal.

Climate Data Projections

The climate science community sources a suite of global climate models to help decision makers understand the projections of future climate change and related impacts, among the most widely used are the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, Phase 5 (CMIP5) models included in the IPCC's Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). Key projected climate trends are summarized below:


  • Mean annual temperatures are projected to increase between 1.3-3.8°C by the 2060's and 1.8- 5.8°C by the 2090's, and this warming is expected to occur more rapidly during the dry months (December-May).


  • Winters are projected to be drier and monsoon summers wetter, with some estimating a threefold increase in monsoon rainfall. This could result in more frequent summer floods and winter droughts.
  • Currently, it is not possible to get a clear picture of precipitation change, due to large model uncertainties. However, increases in rainfall are more consistent for south-east Nepal.

This section provides the options to visualize climate variables and indices derived from scientifically vetted CMIP5 projections for different timeframes, statistics, emission scenarios, and climate models.

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Use the menu above to visualize different climate projection layers and chart data. Click on the map to get location specific data.