Region

South Asia

Current Climate Climatology

This page presents South Asia's climate context for the current climatology, 1991-2020, derived from observed, historical data. Information should be used to build a strong understanding of current climate conditions in order to appreciate future climate scenarios and projected change. You can visualize data for the current climatology through spatial variation, the seasonal cycle, or as a time series. Analysis is available for both annual and seasonal data. Data presentation defaults to national-scale aggregation, however sub-national data aggregations can be accessed by clicking within a country, on a sub-national unit.  Other historical climatologies can be selected from the Time Period dropdown list. Data for  specific coordinates can be downloaded for in the Data Download page.

Observed, historical data is produced by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia. Data is presented at a 0.5º x 0.5º (50km x 50km) resolution.

Loading...

Click on map to change chart data from region aggregated to site-specific data.

Climate Data Historical

Historical climate information provides significant context to understand future climate projections. Climate information can be analyzed though various levels, from temporal to spatial. In fact, temperature and precipitation both exhibit  substantial spatial and interannual variability. Therefore, the Climate Change Knowledge Portal (CCKP) provides users the options to visualize climate data via a map and/or as an annual cycle chart. The annual/monthly temperature and precipitation data is provided by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of the University of East Anglia (UEA), and reprocessed by National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR). A detailed metadata can be found here.

According to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) and Turn Down the Heat report:

  • Changes in many extreme weather and climate events have been observed since about 1950. 
  • It is likely that the frequency of heat waves has increased in large parts of Asia.
  • There are likely more land regions where the number of heavy precipitation events has increased than where it has decreased.
  • South East Asia has a high and increasing exposure to slow onset impacts associated with rising sea-level, ocean warming and increasing acidification combined with sudden-onset impacts associated with tropical cyclones and rapidly increasingly heat extremes.
Loading...

Click on map to change chart data from region aggregated to site-specific data.