Region

Middle East

Climate Data Historical

Historical climate information provides significant context to understand future climate projections. Climate information can be analyzed though various levels, from temporal to spatial. In fact, temperature and precipitation both exhibit  substantial spatial and interannual variability. Therefore, the Climate Change Knowledge Portal (CCKP) provides users the options to visualize climate data via a map and/or as an annual cycle chart. The annual/monthly temperature and precipitation data is provided by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of the University of East Anglia (UEA), and reprocessed by National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR). A detailed metadata can be found here.

According to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) and Turn Down the Heat report:

  • The Middle East and North Africa region emerges as one of the hotspots for worsening extreme heat, drought, and aridity conditions.
  • Agriculture, where 70 percent is rain-fed, is highly exposed to changing climatic conditions.
  • Warming of 0.2°C per decade has been observed in the region from the 1961–1990, and since then the region is warming at an even faster rate.
  • Climate change might act as a threat multiplier to the security situation in the region by imposing additional pressures on already scarce resources and by reinforcing pre-existing threats connected to migration following forced displacement.
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Click on map to change chart data from region aggregated to site-specific data.