Region

Europe

Climate Data Historical

Historical climate information provides significant context to understand future climate projections. Climate information can be analyzed though various levels, from temporal to spatial. In fact, temperature and precipitation both exhibit  substantial spatial and interannual variability. Therefore, the Climate Change Knowledge Portal (CCKP) provides users the options to visualize climate data via a map and/or as an annual cycle chart. The annual/monthly temperature and precipitation data is provided by the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of the University of East Anglia (UEA), and reprocessed by National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) of the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR). A detailed metadata can be found here.

According to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) and Turn Down the Heat report:

  • There have been likely increases in either the frequency or intensity of heavy precipitation in Europe with some seasonal and/or regional variation.
  • The intensity, duration, and frequency of summer heat waves are expected to be substantially greater over all continents, with the largest increases over Europe.
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Click on map to change chart data from region aggregated to site-specific data.