As of 2014, the total agricultural land area has reached 42% of Zimbabwe's total land area. Employment in agriculture amounts to 67% of the total employment. The majority of the agriculture (80%) is rain-fed, which makes the sector highly sensitive to climate change impacts, especially precipitation variability and climate-induced natural hazards. Rain-fed agriculture is facing increasing threats with droughts and floods becoming more frequent and intense. The rain-fed crop production in Africa is projected to see a decline of 12% by 2080. For Zimbabwe, Maize is an important agricultural product as it is the staple food in situ gaining even more importance with cereal yield having decreased since the country’s independence in 1965. Over the course of the past 15 years, maize yields have gradually declined while population has increased, resulting in higher than usual levels of food insecurity in most parts of the country. Extreme weather events pose serious threats on the performance of the Zimbabwean agriculture sector and are likely to be accelerated by adverse impacts of climate change in the future. Therefore, the country has realized the importance of building climate resilience and facilitating low-carbon growth in this sector through national sectoral policies and development planning, as articulated in the Nationally Determined Contribution.
This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. It allows for a quick assessment of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.