Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Zimbabwe.


The adaptation priorities identified in the first Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) include: promoting adapted crop and livestock development and climate smart agricultural practices; building resilience in managing climate related disaster risks such as droughts and floods; strengthening management of water resources and irrigation in the face of climate change; promoting practices that reduce risk of losses in crops, livestock and agricultural incomes; and cross sectoral adaptation efforts such as capacity building through research and development, education and awareness, and training in climate change related issues and mainstreaming gender responsive climate policies. The Ministry of Environment, Water and Climate has initiated the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) development process which seeks to develop medium to long term approaches for reducing vulnerability to climate change impacts and facilitating the integration of climate adaptation into ongoing planning processes at national and sub- national levels.


Key Adaptation Policies & Reports

Adaptation Options for Key Sectors

  • Develop frameworks for sustainable intensification and commercialization of agriculture at different scales across agro-ecological regions.
  • Strengthen capacity to generate new forms of empirical knowledge, technologies and agricultural support services that meet emerging development challenges arising from increased climate change and variability.
  • Strengthen early warning systems on cropping season quality, rangelands conditions, droughts, floods, disease/pest outbreaks and wildlife movement in order to enhance farmer preparedness.
  • Develop frameworks for promoting science based crop production and post-harvest technologies and management practices.
  • Strengthen the capacity to identify and promote adoption of indigenous and improved livestock breeds that are tolerant to climate related stresses.
  • Establish monitoring systems for greenhouse gas emissions in agricultural systems and support mechanisms for their reduction.
  • Strengthen national research and extension capacity for development and integrated management of agricultural water resources.
  • Introduce policies and regulatory frameworks for renewable energy, energy conservation and energy efficiency.
  • Strengthen energy planning, research and development.
  • Promote low carbon energy provision and use.
  • Develop and enforce policies that regulate change from one land-use to another especially the clearance of forests and woodlands to other land-uses.
  • Promote establishment of land-use plans at district, ward, village and farm management levels that clearly identify forestry as a recognized land-use.
  • Strengthen research, planning and financial support to forestry and natural resources management, to develop cost effective adaptation options.
  • Build capacity for forest management in a changing climate.
  • Promote and strengthen biodiversity conservation management and the integrity of natural ecosystems by using an ecosystem based approach to adapt to climate change.
  • Promote appropriate climate smart land-use options for the drier natural regions where cattle production and wildlife ranching are the most suitable land-use options.
  • Strengthen the effectiveness of Trans-Frontier Conservation Areas as a mechanism for sustainable biodiversity conservation and climate adaptation.
  • Promoting non-timber forest products and sustainable agro-forestry practices to enhance forest-based adaptation.
  • Promoting and supporting water harvesting as a climate change adaptation strategy.
  • Developing, rehabilitate and maintain surface and groundwater resources.
  • Strengthening and intensify monitoring systems for hydro-meteorological parameters.
  • Promoting efficient water use practices in the economy across all sectors.
  • Strengthening institutional capacity, research and extension for integrated water resources management.
  • Strengthening biodiversity conservation management and integrity of natural ecosystems to adapt to climate change.
  • Strengthening water and moisture conservation initiatives.
  • Conduct more frequent yield assessments of surface and groundwater resources.

Gaps and Needs

  • Inadequate research and extension on adapted crop and livestock development and farming practices.
  • Academic research for regional climate modeling is needed.
  • Lack of knowledge and skills for intensive production practices.
  • Lack of mechanization technologies for climate smart production systems.
  • Inadequate training of farmers.
  • Inadequate infrastructure and technology for irrigation.
  • Lack of knowledge, skills and technologies for improving water use efficiency in agriculture.
  • No measurement of groundwater resource status.
  • Limited awareness of long-term groundwater risks.
  • Inadequate institutional and technological capacity to maximize germ-plasm of adapted crops and livestock.
  • Inadequate institutional capacity for providing timely early warning systems.
  • Fragmented implementation of climate smart strategies.
  • Insufficient capacity for grain storage facilities.
  • Insufficient support services for index insurance in managing climate related disaster.
  • Incoherent institutional frameworks (policies) to coordinate disaster risk reduction.
  • institutional capacity for managing water resources.
  • Inadequate leadership from government agencies in groundwater management.
  • Insufficient stakeholder engagement in groundwater management.
  • Limited integration of groundwater in related national policies.
  • Non-performing legal systems on groundwater.