Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Yemen.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Yemen's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Yemen's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

Yemen is a Middle Eastern country located at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula. Yemen’s economy has previously been dominated by the oil sector, but declining oil revenues and resource depletion have rendered it necessary for the government to scale up its efforts to spur non-oil growth and create jobs in sectors such as agriculture, fisheries, natural gas, urban manufacturing, services, and the financial sector. The country has a predominantly rural and rapidly growing population, with a 38% poverty rate.  Yemen is a food-insecure nation that is highly dependent on staple food imports. Water resources are scarce and rapid groundwater depletion as well as inadequate infrastructure, pose challenges to sustainable development in the country, along with the expected impacts of climate change. A range of other socioeconomic and institutional factors hamper Yemen’s ability to respond to current and projected changes in climate. 

Before the current political and security environment in Yemen, the Environment Protection Agency was responsible for climate change related policies. The country does not have a comprehensive climate change policy but it has submitted the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and prepared sectoral strategies such as the National Strategy for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency and the National Water Sector Strategy and Investment Program. Yemen has not yet ratified the Paris Agreement, but the country's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution can be found here