Country

Venezuela

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Venezuela.

Country Context

Venezuela is located in the northern coast of South America. The country borders the Caribbean Sea to the north, the Co-operative Republic of Guyana and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Federal Republic of Brazil to the south, and the Republic of Colombia to the west. The Venezuelan economy depends heavily on oil exports, which account for almost all export earnings and nearly half of the government’s revenue, despite a continued decline in oil production in 2017. Venezuela’s GDP (PPP adjusted) is estimated at USD $380.7 billion, with a population of 31,304,016 and a GDP per capita of USD 12,100 (2017) (CIA Factbook). According to the International Monetary Fund, Venezuela’s GDP in 2017 is 35% below 2013 levels, or 40% in per capita terms.

Venezuela has a hot and humid tropical climate which is more moderate in the highlands. Caracas, the capital, has a Tropical Savanna climate according to the Köppen Classification. The effects of climate change have already been experienced in Venezuela, which used to have five glaciers in 1991 and today, only one remains. The last glacier in Venezuela, the Humboldt glacier, is expected to disappear within a decade or two. The rapid glacier retreat affects the water cycle in glacier-dependent basins, which changes water availability. Thus, the disappearance of the Humboldt glacier will impact local communities as run off stability and water supply for agriculture change. Venezuela has submitted its Second National Communication to UNFCCC in 2017 and its Nationally Determined Contribution in 2015.

 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

Explore further

Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

Explore further

Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

Explore further

Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

Explore further