Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Uzbekistan.

Impacts Water

Deficiencies in water resources have gradually devastated irrigation-dependent crops in Uzbekistan, particularly for cotton and winter wheat.  Farmers are faced with greater irrigation requirements due to increased evapotranspiration as a result of increased temperatures, heatwaves and droughts, which are further stressing water availability. Projected trends of declining water supply and increasing demand highlight the importance of improving water-use efficiency to prevent further expansion of water supply deficits. The agricultural sector appears to be the most vulnerable sector in terms of future reductions in water allocation. However, urban areas also at risk due to increasing demand. Lengthened growing seasons may also increase water use through irrigation, creating further water deficits in future. Additionally, less than half of the country has access to piped water. Further economic development is expected to increase demand for water supply and access.

This section allows you to gain insights into climate change impacts on hydrological statistics based on climate future scenarios.



Data presented under Historical Climate Conditions are reanalysis products derived from ERA5-Land data. ERA5-Land is a global land-surface dataset at 9 km resolution, consistent with atmospheric data from the ERA5 reanalysis from 1950 onward. Climate reanalyses combine past observations with models to generate consistent time series of multiple climate variables. They provide a comprehensive description of the observed climate as it has evolved during recent decades, on 3D grids at sub-daily intervals. 

This data has been collected, aggregated and processed by the Climate Resilience Cluster of the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Earth Observation for Sustainable Development (EO4SD) initiative.