Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Uzbekistan.

Impacts Agriculture

Agriculture is a priority sector for the country's economy and food security. Irrigated farming forms the base of agricultural production, which has resulted in Uzbekistan using approximately 90% of its surface water for irrigation. Lack of water resources and land degradation are currently threatening the productivity of this sector. Increasing temperatures also pose a significant threat to the country’s agriculture sector, reducing the availability of water for irrigation. 80% of foodstuffs consumed by the population are produced by the agrarian sector, and thus reductions in productivity could seriously threaten national food security. Increased exposure from new pests and diseases for agricultural crops and livestock is expected. Areas that are already under marginal rain-fed production will also be at increasing risk. Communities in relatively high rainfall or irrigated areas have more adaptation options to buffer their production systems against projected climate change, providing that sufficient water remains available for irrigation.

This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.


Data presented under Historical Climate Conditions are reanalysis products derived from ERA5-Land data. ERA5-Land is a global land-surface dataset at 9 km resolution, consistent with atmospheric data from the ERA5 reanalysis from 1950 onward. Climate reanalyses combine past observations with models to generate consistent time series of multiple climate variables. They provide a comprehensive description of the observed climate as it has evolved during recent decades, on 3D grids at sub-daily intervals. 

This data has been collected, aggregated and processed by the Climate Resilience Cluster of the European Space Agency’s (ESA) Earth Observation for Sustainable Development (EO4SD) initiative.

% change of crop yield projections
< -60% > 80%
« Click on the map to view site-specific crop data.