Agriculture is a priority sector for the country's economy and food security. Irrigated farming forms the base of agricultural production, which has resulted in Uzbekistan using approximately 90% of its surface water for irrigation. Lack of water resources and land degradation are currently threatening the productivity of this sector. Increasing temperatures also pose a significant threat to the country’s agriculture sector, reducing the availability of water for irrigation. 80% of foodstuffs consumed by the population are produced by the agrarian sector, and thus reductions in productivity could seriously threaten national food security. Increased exposure from new pests and diseases for agricultural crops and livestock is expected. Areas that are already under marginal rain-fed production will also be at increasing risk. Communities in relatively high rainfall or irrigated areas have more adaptation options to buffer their production systems against projected climate change, providing that sufficient water remains available for irrigation.
This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.