Ukraine’s water resource sustainability and availability has been aggravated in recent years by the increase in floods, with approximately 27% of the country and nearly one third of the country’s population residing in areas affected. Changes in precipitation and increasing temperatures driven by climate change may have an impact on water resources and dynamics. Water stress is expected to become severe with increasing periods of drought. This could increase the vulnerability of both the agriculture and hydropower sector (especially for the Dnieper River). Projected trends of declining water supply and increasing demand highlight the importance of improving water-use efficiency. Additionally, river flows are expected to decrease over the long-term, significantly impacting inland shipping and navigation.
This section provides insights into projected climate change impacts on various hydrological indicators.