Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Ukraine.


Ukraine is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and has identified agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, energy, health, and water resources among its most vulnerable sectors. Ukraine submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions to the UNFCCC (2016) and published its Sixth National Communication in 2016. The country’s climate change adaptation and planning strategies are executed by the National Environmental Investment Agency of Ukraine (established in 2007) with coordination from the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources. The country’s environmental management has been undergoing changes over the past 3-5 years with a decentralization reform which started in 2010-2012. This decentralization reform approved in April 2014, aims to delegate significant governance authority and financial resources from central level to local government.

Key Adaptation Policies & Reports

Adaptation Options for Key Sectors

  • Implementation of an integrated water resources management system, irrigation systems, improvement of irrigation-drainage systems, introduction of drought-resistant plant species, changes in cropping cycles, and monitoring for potential natural hazards.
  • Research and extension services to enhance the capacity and delivery of information to the agricultural sector, with particular reference to climate change and the implementation of adaptation mechanisms and strategies.
  • Improvements to the weather monitoring network and associated weather information systems, including the publication and distribution of agriculture-specific weather forecasts on a more frequent basis (e.g. short-term and seasonal forecasts, the monitoring of drought).
  • Ukraine has invested in upgrading its agrometeorological monitoring networks, has introduced risk insurance, conducted studies for the expansion of irrigated farming, modernized irrigation systems, and trialed the introduction of drought-resistant species.
  • Improve capacity of energy systems to sustain cumulative impacts such as: the redundancy at peak periods, the sensitivity of regulators to climate change pressures on infrastructure and the possible need for redundant capacity, demand management and energy conservation strategies.
  • Institutional capacity can be improved through strengthening and improving the legal framework for the renewable energy sector to increase energy efficiency in generation and usage for key sectors of the economy (electric energy, thermal energy, housing and utilities sectors), which are the main contributors to GHGs emission in Ukraine.
  • Additional investments can be made in energy efficiency and renewable energy sources, a high priority for both economic (decrease in costs for energy generation) and climate mitigation (decrease in volumes of greenhouse gas emissions).
  • The Ukraine Government and individual Departments need to understand the inherent vulnerabilities in its energy sector and develop flexible adaptation strategies for existing and planned infrastructure.
  • Upgrade health-care infrastructure to support more systemic climate change resilience. Capacity needs to be built to support the adaptation to extreme weather events and support the necessary response capacities. Health care system personnel are not fully aware of the relationship between climate change and variability and health impacts.
  • A reduction in social vulnerability of underserved populations living in both urban and rural areas is necessary to support development and increase resiliency.
  • Climate and health monitoring and surveillance systems are not conducted at the right geographical and temporal scale that allow observations of trends and make advance forecasts to direct interventions against climate sensitive diseases.
  • Investment in targeted climate-health-adaptation research agenda can support the identification and analysis of trends and develop indicators to improve health sector capacity to react.
  • Investments should be made to support structural adaptation changes in the country’s water management structure, in particular to support the agriculture and energy sectors.
  • Implement adaptation strategies focused on (i) upgrading hydrological monitoring networks, (ii) improving water management via the introduction of basin principles in water management, (iii) developing and implementing integrated flood protection, and (iv) systematic afforestation in river basins.
  • Investment should be made to reduce system losses in water distribution networks and in treated wastewater reuse in industrial sectors, especially for large utilities, irrigation networks and shortage-prone areas.

Gaps and Needs

  • Research on the timing and magnitude of incidence of several important indicators of climate change in the future, as well as the key vulnerabilities, development impact, and possible adaptation responses.
  • Improve science-based understanding of the nature and magnitude of physical and biophysical climate change impacts under differing scenarios.
  • Widen the participation of the public, scientific institutions, women and local communities in planning and management, accounting for approaches and methods of gender equity.
  • Strengthen environmental monitoring capabilities for strengthened and more effective environmental management.
  • Improve observational data through additional of weather stations and hydrometeorological instrumentation.
  • Improve technical capacity to analyze hydromet data and project impacts across sectors.
  • Establish institutional capacity for providing timely early warning systems.
  • Develop early warning systems about dangerous hydrometeorological phenomena and climate risk management, specifically for riverine networks.
  • Prepare and implement a Roadmap for Reform of Environmental Management in Ukraine.
  • Determine Ukraine’s environmental priorities linked to its growth and development agenda taking into account the cost of environmental degradation study (COED), which would estimate in monetary terms the impacts of major environmental problems in Ukraine.
  • Adopt necessary legislative and regulatory changes considering Ukraine's commitments under EU–Ukraine Agreement and in line with the agreed schedule of implementation.
  • Ensure integration of the National Environmental Strategy goals in sectoral and regional plans.
  • Implementation of cross-sectoral climate-smart solutions at national and subnational levels.