Country

Turkey

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Turkey.

Country Context

Turkey is located between 36°-42° north latitude and 26°- 45° east longitude in the Northern Hemisphere. The country shares borders with Bulgaria and Greece in the west, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan/Nakhichevan and Iran in the east and Iraq and Syria in the south. The coastal border of the peninsula surrounded by three sides with the Black Sea in the north, the Aegean Sea in the west and Mediterranean in the south. Turkey’s total surface area is 785,347 km2 with agricultural lands accounting for 31.1% of the country’s land use. According to Turkey Statistical Institute’s data, Turkey’s population reached 77.70 million as of 2014 and is estimated to reach about 93.50 million in 2050. Turkey’s GDP is estimated at $851 US billion, with a GDP per capita of US $11,000 (2015). Turkey’s GDP is composed of agriculture 9.54%, industry 27.51% and services 62.95%.

Although Turkey is located between mid-latitude climate zone and subtropical climate zone, it has many climate zones due to its different topographical characteristics (Turkey’s Sixth National Communication to the UNFCCC, 2016). The climate zones observed in Turkey are the Mediterranean Climate where summers are hot and dry and the winters are mild and rainy; the Black Sea Climate where summers are cool and winters are warm in the coastal area and snowy and cold at the higher parts; the Terrestrial Climate where temperature differences between summer and winter and day and night are large, and the Marmara Climate showing the characteristics of a climate transition between the Terrestrial, Black Sea and Mediterranean climates. In Turkey, the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization is the focal point to UNFCCC and is responsible for the establishment and implementation of the environmental policies.

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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