Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Togo.

Impacts Agriculture

Highly vulnerable to climate variations, Togo’s agriculture sector constitutes 43% of gross domestic product and is the mainstay of most Togolese livelihoods. Agriculture will remain the mainstay of economic growth for the foreseeable future, with staple crops being yams, cassava, corn, millet, sorghum, cocoa, coffee, rice, and cotton. If recent trends continue, future agricultural supplies will not be enough to meet demands and reduce poverty. According to a recent World Food Programme survey, 71.1% of Togolese are vulnerable to food insecurity. This is a result of low agricultural capacities and high reliance on increasingly erratic weather conditions, low productivity stemming from use of inadequate technologies, insufficient access to inputs (i.e. fertilizers and pesticides), lack of pest control, and major shortfalls in agricultural processing. Floods inundate fertile land, kill livestock, destroy standing crops, and reduce or eliminate yields. Corn and millet in particular–the main food staple of many Togolese – will suffer reduction in yields. Unless inputs are provided and opportunities arising from projected changes in climate are capitalized upon, not only will yields drop but prices of staples will rise. Climate change is projected to bring about a shift of seasons accompanied by a reduction of humid periods, a rise in evapotranspiration, and drying of soils. A majority of humid soils where rice and sugar cane are cultivated will become drier, while projected changes in floods and droughts suggest a reduction in rainfed maize production by 2025. In monetary terms this is the equivalent to a loss of $USD 12–24 billion. As the price of maize continues to rise, these losses stand to significantly impact Togo. The consequences of drought will be equally devastating to agricultural yields. 

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. It allows for a quick assessment of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

% change of crop yield projections
< -60% > 80%
« Click on the map to view site-specific crop data.