Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Togo.


Togo published a National Adaptation Programme of Action in September 2009, listing the most urgent adaptation needs. Togo's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (2015) extends this effort. Total adaptation costs for Togo amount to USD$1.54 billion for the period 2020 to 2030. Adaptation priorities for the country aim to strengthen the resilience of the agricultural production system, forestry and biodiversity. The national government has also committed to protecting human lives, livelihoods, resources, infrastructure, and the environment by identifying urgent needs and incorporating sectoral adaptation measures. 


Adaptation Options for Key Sectors

  • Use drought-resistant seeds. 
  • Cultivate crops in terraces along steep slopes. 
  • Encourage and develop alternative income-generating activities. 
  • Subsidize the price of fertilizers for producers. 
  • Subsidize mechanized services. 
  • Provide credit for improving access to fertilizer. 
  • Increase access to irrigation during drought periods. 
  • Increase ability to store water during wet periods. 
  • Local populations need to move to higher grounds. 
  • Improve hygiene practices. 
  • Reinforce and expand capacity of health personnel and improve health-related infrastructure in rural zones. 
  • Improve early warning systems. 
  • Provide support for alternative income-generating schemes for those whose livelihoods are dependent on fisheries and related coastal zone activities. 
  • Promote the use of butane gas for cooking. 
  • Develop sustainable management practices for wood and charcoal energy, including bush fire management. 
  • Focus on reforestation and participative management of the existing forests. 
  • Develop and reinforce the electricity network for its transportation and distribution. 

Gaps and Needs

  • The Laboratory of Atmospheric Physics of the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lomé showed there is considerable potential to generate more knowledge on climate change for example by initiating studies on tropical convection by using terrestrial photogrammetry of clouds. The lack of financial and technological resources has rendered these pursuits unviable.
  • Develop and reinforce the institutional capacity of national agencies responsible for the coordination of activities related to climate change.
  • Reinforce existing links between organizations responsible for the preparation of national inventories and all other institutions involved in collection of data for these inventories; in addition, the need for support for the development of appropriate systems of information management in order to better archive and update results of the inventories.
  • Produce essential documents for experts in French, not only English.
  • Review methodology of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and when reviewing these documents, to take into consideration documents in languages other than English.
  • Ensure that the implementation of climate change-related activities such as the improvement of inventories, the monitoring of results; vulnerability and adaptation assessments are carried out in collaboration with policymakers, principle development actors and with high public awareness.
  • Make more technological and financial resources available to overcome constraints associated with producing a second National Communication and National Adaptation Plans.
  • Financial resources and appropriate instruments are needed to support vulnerability studies and assessments of environmental and socio-economic impacts of climate change. Research on coastal erosion undertaken by the Centre for Integrated Coastal Zone Management and Environment at the University of Lomé has made little to no progress due to lack of financial resources. All of these efforts need to be supported.
  • Greater support will be required to achieve Togo’s objectives with respect to strengthening its meteorological system and disaster preparedness.
  • Needs with respect to water, health, agriculture and food security also require more attention, as well as the gender-based implications of climate change.
  • The Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry at the University of Lomé and some institutions research are developing research programs to improve outcomes for inventory studies. Lack of financial resources and technology are delaying the application of these research programs.
  • Improve national weather service’s ability to collect data across the country would offer significant benefits to addressing climate related disaster risks and development of early warning systems for all vulnerable zones.