Timor Leste

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Timor Leste.

Adaptation Options for Key Sectors

  • Improve planning and legal framework for promoting sustainable and balanced food for livestock production under increased climate variability and climate change conditions.
  • Develop integrated agroforestry and watershed management including climate change dimensions.
  • Based on existing national action plans on sustainable land management, implement integrated, sustainable land management promoting fixed/permanent agriculture, reduced burning, reduced erosion, and increased soil fertility.
  • Boost education and awareness and conduct a pilot demonstration on sustainable agriculture and forest.
  • Implement management that increases resilience and reduces climate-related impacts of shifting cultivation and unsustainable upland farming practices.
  • Develop sustainable land management promoting fixed/permanent agriculture, reduce burning, reduce erosion, and increase soil fertility.
  • Develop farmer strategies, specifically crop losses in storage, conservation agriculture, water harvesting.
  • Implement research programs on the impact of climate change on livestock production.
  • Enhance government and community strategies to respond to drought exacerbated by climate change.
  • Create and enhance water harvesting model (capture and storage), water distribution system and management system at all levels to avoid water shortages due to climate change.
  • Control quantity of water use by industry, and water pollution control standardization including coffee processing waste management in a climate change context.
  • Climate proof infrastructure to protect water sources (springs, streams, wells, etc.), ensuring safe water supply during climate-related extreme events.
  • Create/improve Emergency Preparedness Plan for waterborne and vector-borne disease to reduce incidence of water and vector borne disease due to increase/decrease in availability of domestic water because of climate change risks.
  • Build climate proofed and environmentally sustainable infrastructure to protect water sources (springs, streams, wells, etc.) in order to provide safe water supplies during climate change extreme event periods.
  • Build coastal protection structures in order to preserve critical coastal land development.
  • Promote integrated coastal resource management, including support for research on coastal vulnerability.
  • Protect offshore infrastructure against strong wave damage that impacts the distribution of gas and oil, and reduce accidents and destruction of offshore oil and gas infrastructure; including: i) early warning system equipment; ii) data information to show occurrences; iii) equipment protection.
  • Maintain mangrove plantations and promote awareness rising to protect coastal ecosystems from impacts of sea level rise.

Gaps and Needs

  • There is need for the decentralization of the country’s National Disaster Management Directorate to ease on the overburdening and slow response that is currently affecting the country.
  • Meteorological monitoring capability with data management, and analysis and forecasting systems and skills need to be developed.
  • Developing of disaster management and risk reduction plans across sectors and communities is urgently needed.