Tanzania, United Republic of

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Tanzania, United Republic of.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Tanzania, United Republic of's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Tanzania, United Republic of's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The United Republic of Tanzania is situated in East Africa between the latitudes of 1° and 12° S and longitudes 30°-40° E. It is the largest country in East Africa spanning 945,087 square kilometers and boasts the highest point in Africa, with Mount Kilimanjaro standing 5,950 meters high. Highland areas dominate the country except for the coastal strip along the Indian Ocean. The central plateau sits 900-1,800 meters above sea level and is dotted with mountain ranges. Tanzania’s real gross domestic product (GDP) grew by 7.1% in 2017 according to official statistics. Growth in 2017 was supported by expansion in both the industrial and agriculture sectors. These three sectors make up the bulk of the economy with agriculture comprising 25% of GDP, industry and construction 21%, and services contributing the largest share to GDP at 45%. 

Every annual event has economic costs in excess of 1% of GDP. Climate change has impacted Tanzania and threatens the majority of working Tanzanian’s livelihoods as they rely on natural resources. Climate change impacts are affecting coastal zones, public health, energy supply and demand, infrastructure, water resources, agricultural production and availability of ecosystem goods and services. Adaptation priorities for the country focus on agriculture and water resource management, such as irrigation, water saving, rainwater harvesting; coastal protection; alternative clean energy sources; sustainable tourism activities; and community awareness programs in public health (Nationally Determined Contribution, 2015).