Country

Tanzania, United Republic of

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Tanzania, United Republic of.

Country Context

The United Republic of Tanzania is situated in East Africa between the latitudes of 1° and 12° S and longitudes 30°-40° E. It is the largest country in East Africa spanning 945,087 square kilometers and boasts the highest point in Africa, with Mount Kilimanjaro standing 5,950 meters high. Highland areas dominate the country except for the coastal strip along the Indian Ocean. The central plateau sits 900-1,800 meters above sea level and is dotted with mountain ranges. Tanzania’s real gross domestic product (GDP) grew by 7.1% in 2017 according to official statistics. Growth in 2017 was supported by expansion in both the industrial and agriculture sectors. These three sectors make up the bulk of the economy with agriculture comprising 25% of GDP, industry and construction 21%, and services contributing the largest share to GDP at 45%. 

Every annual event has economic costs in excess of 1% of GDP. Climate change has impacted Tanzania and threatens the majority of working Tanzanian’s livelihoods as they rely on natural resources. Climate change impacts are affecting coastal zones, public health, energy supply and demand, infrastructure, water resources, agricultural production and availability of ecosystem goods and services. Adaptation priorities for the country focus on agriculture and water resource management, such as irrigation, water saving, rainwater harvesting; coastal protection; alternative clean energy sources; sustainable tourism activities; and community awareness programs in public health (Nationally Determined Contribution, 2015). 

 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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