Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Syria.

Climate Data Projections

The climate science community sources a suite of global climate models to help decision makers understand the projections of future climate change and related impacts, among the most widely used are the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, Phase 5 (CMIP5) models included in the IPCC's Fifth Assessment Report (AR5). Key projected climate trends are summarized below:


  • Mean annual temperature is projected to increase by 2°С by 2050.
  • The highest temperature increased is projected for June-August. Warming is projected to be more rapid in the interior regions than in areas close to the coast.
  • Higher warming is projected in the northwest and southeast. The number of consecutive dry days is projected to increase by 5, while the number of frost days are projected to decrease by 13.


  • Mean annual precipitation is projected to decrease by 11% by 2050.
  • IPCC GCMs precipitation projections for Syria indicate a decrease with the greatest reduction during September-November and March-May. Precipitation in June-August is projected to increase by 2% in the west and by 1% in the northeast.

This section provides the options to visualize climate variables and indices derived from scientifically vetted CMIP5 projections for different timeframes, statistics, emission scenarios, and climate models.

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Use the menu above to visualize different climate projection layers and chart data. Click on the map to get location specific data.