Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Syria.

Climate Data Historical

Syria experiences a largely Mediterranean climate. Summers are usually very dry with high evaporation rates. In most parts of the country, summer temperatures tend to exceed 30°C. During the winter, temperatures are moderate to cold. Temperatures are influenced and moderated by proximity to the sea and elevation. The annual average temperature is 18.1°C on the coastal plain and 15.2°C in the mountains. Key historical climate trends are summarized below:


  • Mean annual temperature has increased by 0.8°С per century since the 1950's.


  • Mean rainfall has decreased by 18.23 mm/month per century (1901-2000).
  • Autumn precipitation has increased in the northern and central regions of the country, while the west has experienced higher than average rainfall of up to 25 mm per month compared to less than 2 mm per month on average in other parts of the country.

This section provides the options to visualize historical climate data for different timeframes via map and annual cycle chart.


Click on map to change chart data from country aggregated to site-specific data.