Swaziland’s agricultural sector contributes nearly 10% of the country’s GDP and over 70% of the country’s rural population is dependent upon subsistence agriculture. Currently, the sector is being negatively impacted by variable precipitation patterns, droughts, higher temperatures and increased storm intensities. Climate change is expected to affect crop production regardless of crop type or agro-ecological zone. Planting cycles of key crops, maize, beans, sorghum may be altered for changing rain patterns. Dairy animals are expected to perform better in the Highveld and wet Middleveld particularly during the winter months. Annual precipitation is one of the most fundamental climatic conditions for rain-fed agriculture and livestock productivity. The projected decrease may determine if certain crops or farm practices remain viable, and if reduced water availability might require a shift to more drought resistant crops or if farmers are required to shift investments into irrigation systems.
This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. It allows for a quick assessment of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.