Country

Swaziland

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Swaziland.

Country Context

Swaziland is the smallest country in the southern hemisphere with a total surface area of 17,360 km2. It is landlocked and shares borders with South Africa and Mozambique. Swaziland has a population of 1.3 million people (2016), with an annual growth rate of 1.8%. The country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was $3.7 billion (2016), with annual growth rate in 1.4% (2016), peaking at 6.4% in 2013.  Swaziland is categorized as a lower middle-income country. South Africa accounts for 90% of Swaziland’s imports and 80% of the country’s national electricity is imported from South Africa. Agriculture is the most important sector for the majority of Swaziland’s population, as well as national food security and economic development. Given the projected impacts from climate change, diversification of economic activities is necessary if the country is to reduce its level of vulnerability, specifically within the agriculture sectors as well as achieve its development goals.

Swaziland is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and has identified key sectors at risk to climate change which have been prioritized in adaptation strategies: agriculture, water, biodiversity and ecosystems, and health.  Full implementation of Swaziland’s climate change adaptation strategies are contingent upon the continued strengthening of the country’s technical capacities, technology enhancement and financial support received to invest in key adaptation programming. Adaptation strategies to climate change have been identified in Swaziland’s Second National Communication to the United National Framework Convention on Climate Change, 2012 and its Nationally-Determined Contribution submitted in 2015. 

Country level data at a glance

Climate Data

Historical Trends

The section provides access to historical climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation from 1900 to 2016.

Projected Trends

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

The section provides access to future climate datasets for both temperature and precipitation and their statistical derivatives for various timeframes and emission scenarios from 2020 to 2099.

Climate by Sector

This section contains information from multiple climate indicators and indices relevant for key economic sectors. Simple narratives can help you interpret and extract summaries of potential climate change impacts at the sector level.

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Vulnerability

This section allows you to explore the susceptibility of livelihoods and natural systems to impacts from climate variability and change and facilitate the exploration of socioeconomic and development data and its relationships with natural hazards vulnerable areas.

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Impacts

This section allows you to explore the climate information from multiple climate indicators and present them with simple, embedded interpretation for an informative, high-level summary of the potential for future climate change impacts on key socioeconomic sectors.

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Adaptation

This section helps you grasp key national adaptation policies and reports, explore options for key sectors, and understand current adaptation gaps and needs for enhanced climate smart planning.

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