Suriname is a water-rich country owing to its topography, soil and land cover. An abundance of major rivers and freshwater swamps exist and the presence of these water bodies together with well-forested areas produce large amounts of water vapor. Local convection and orographic lifting along the hills and mountainous regions contribute to the relatively high precipitation in the country. Rural areas either collect rain water or utilize surface sources and potable water is sourced from groundwater supplies. Water resources are mainly used for agriculture (irrigation and especially for rice cultivation), energy generation (hydropower) and consumption (potable water). Existing threats include contamination due to mining activities and deforestation, and salt water intrusion of rivers in low-lying coastal areas, depending on the season, due to the tidal influence of the ocean. In urban areas, water resources may be contaminated by flood waters as a result of the cumulative impacts of abundant rainfall, poor drainage, and rising sea and river water levels. Coastal aquifers are threatened by seawater intrusion with rising sea levels, exacerbated by a decrease in groundwater recharge through over abstraction and decreasing precipitation in the future.
This section provides insights into projected climate change impacts on various hydrological indicators.