Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Sudan.

Impacts Agriculture

Traditional subsistence agriculture dominates the Sudanese economy with over 70% of the population’s livelihoods dependent upon crop production and/or livestock husbandry. Agriculture contributes approximately 35-40% of GDP (with livestock accounting for 50% of sector production). Increased frequency of droughts and high rainfall variability over the past few decades have already put stress on the region’s rain-fed agriculture and pastoralist systems and created recurring food emergencies and famine across the country. Expected sectoral climate change impacts include increasing unpredictability and unreliability of rainfall, shorter rain-fed growing seasons and water deficits, shifting agro-climatic zones southwards, desertification, reduced pasture and water for livestock, loss of arable land and reduced crop yields, increased rural to urban migration. Associated crop failures and high livestock mortality may increase rural to urban migration, which could expand slums and exacerbate health and sanitation concerns (NDC, 2017).

This section provides a summary of key natural hazards and their associated socioeconomic impacts in a given country. It allows for a quick assessment of most vulnerable areas through the spatial comparison of natural hazard data with development data, thereby identifying exposed livelihoods and natural systems.

% change of crop yield projections
< -60% > 80%
« Click on the map to view site-specific crop data.