Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Sudan.


Adaptation is the first and overriding priority of Sudan’s climate actions and hence constitutes a major part of Sudan’s NDC. The adaptation component of Sudan's NDC builds on the various adaptation-related mechanisms and processes under the Convention, including Sudan’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA, 2007), National Implementation Strategy (INC, 2003), Technology Needs Assessment (TNA, 213), Second National Communication (SNC, 2013) and particularly its National Adaptation Plan (NAP, 2014).

Adaptation Options for Key Sectors

  • Crop diversification and introduction of improved drought-resistant varieties/early maturing varieties in areas affected by rainfall decease/ variability;
  • Rehabilitation of the meteorological networks to enhance early warning system activities;
  • Diversification of income generating activities;
  • Strengthening of enabling environment/activities to empower vulnerable communities including;
  • Introduction of agroforestry in areas vulnerable to climate change;
  • Establishment of women cooperative societies;
  • Enhancing the participation of women and youth in activities related to adaptation and environmental conservation;
  • Climate-proofing of some of the existing developmental project to increase their resilience for current and future climatic changes;
  • Planting shelterbelts, introduction of high economic value trees and rehabilitation of the Gum Arabic gardens;
  • Regular surveillance of animal diseases through improved monitoring;
  • Establishment of range’s enclosures/ranches;
  • Advance research on various areas related to climate change impacts on rangelands and measures to address that;
  • Joint management of the natural resources for comprehensive consideration of climate change impacts;
  • Management of the grazing areas and rangelands in a sustainable manner;
  • Improving animal productivity and animal breeds to increase resilience to climate change
  • Replanting and rehabilitating of vulnerable areas with palatable range species and management of animal routes;
  • Improving veterinary services (including, mobile clinics provision of vaccines etc.) to enhance the adaptive capacity in vulnerable areas.
  • Integrated Management of the water resources to meet the current and future challenges/needs;
  • Water harvesting to assist vulnerable communities to adapt and build their resilience facing increasing vulnerability of water resources;
  • Establishment and rehabilitation of hand pumps and construction of water-networks in rural areas for provisions of drinking-water and achieving water security;
  • Advance research related to climate change impacts on water sector;
  • Establishment of rain gauge stations to monitor and provide hydrological information;
  • Introduction of a revolving micro-credit fund to support implementation of small water harvesting projects.
  • New information systems: Enhancing monitoring programs in natural and urban settings to detect biological, physical, and chemical changes and responses due to direct and indirect effects of climate change;
  • Implement integrated coastal zone management: an integrated approach to land use planning, creation of ecological buffer zones, establishing protected inland zones to accommodate salt marsh, mangrove and sea grass;
  • Building awareness: This involves enhancing the awareness of coastal developers through national and international activities, technical assistance, and capacity-building.
  • Introduction of early disease diagnosis and treatment programmes for malaria, meningitis, and leishmaniosis;
  • Raising the health awareness of communities in vulnerable areas to climate change related diseases;
  • Building the capacities of the health cadres and improvement of health services to meet the evolving and increasing challenges of climate change;
  • Increasing health resilience to climate change related diseases and reducing the associated mortality by Supporting family’s and school’s health programmes;
  • Control of Endemic and epidemic diseases induced by Climate Change through combating vectors and insects borne diseases;
  • Controlling of diseases shared between humans and animals;
  • Improve community sanitation and medical services, including capacities for diagnosis and treatment.