St. Vincent and the Grenadines' Nationally Determined Contribution details the country’s vulnerabilities and adaptation plans. The National Economic and Social Development Plan 2013-2025 includes a specific set of strategic goals, objectives and targets. Goal 4 of the Plan, ‘Improving Physical Infrastructure, Preserving the Environment and Building Resilience to Climate Change,’ seeks to preserve the country’s delicate environment and mitigate the effects of climate change. A specific target is to protect 20% of its near shore marine and coastal resources by 2020. Other sectors with actions are agriculture, health and water.

Adaptation Options for Key Sectors
  • Carry out public awareness programs to educate the population about the potential impacts of climate change and climate variability on agriculture.
  • Identify and adopt appropriate methods of technology to facilitate the introduction of drought resistant crops.
  • Undertake a comprehensive inventory of all water resources, including surface and ground water.
  • Identify cost-effective methods to increase water recovery, more efficient management of both demand and supply, improved monitoring and forecasting systems for floods and droughts, and desalination of sea water.
  • Encourage the preservation of forested and green areas as a buffer to the negative effects of climate change.
  • Undertake protective management measures to protect displaced wildlife populations.
  • Undertake public awareness campaigns to educate the population about the potential impacts of climate change and climate variability on the coastal and marine environment.
  • Identify cost-effective measures to protect and/or reduce the damage to the coastal environment, including coastal infrastructure and coastal near-shore ecosystems.
  • Promote the use of alternative sources of energy.
Gaps and Needs
  • A greater sample size to increase the statistical validity of hydrological monitoring.
  • Groundwater monitoring data, including water levels, aquifer properties, abstraction rates, and natural flow rates of rivers and springs, to support the development and management measures needed to address the impacts of climate change.
  • Enhance climate monitoring stations for better tracking of air and water quality and establish change-detection systems. Also, establish assessment system to anticipate the impact of development, as well as climatic change, on natural systems.
  • Improve the way hydro-meteorological institutions monitor, forecast and disseminate information on weather and future climate conditions.
  • Effective storm surge modeling and the creation of hazard maps for better system engineering, as well as retrofitting, to match projected damage with projected changes.
  • Review design criteria of buildings and building codes to include climate change concerns, including the promotion of incentives for responsible development as an important component of new land-use planning initiatives.