South Sudan

Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting South Sudan.


South Sudan's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution states that the country plans to prioritize adaptation efforts in the agriculture sector by promoting climate-smart agriculture, livestock improvement, enhancement of fisheries productivity, soil erosion control, and harvesting and retention of water. In addition, it intends to improve public health systems, increase resilience of vulnerable communities, protect biodiversity, strengthen infrastructure and increase institutional capacity.


Adaptation Options for Key Sectors

  • Construct dykes to control flooding damage.
  • Mix and replant crops and alternate planting dates to minimize the risk of loss during flooding.
  • Plant drought-resistant crops, such as cassava and wild yams, to increase the resilience of households to drought-related food shortages.
  • Improve water-land transport to main market areas.
  • Increase the protection and management of the Nile River’s resources.
  • Improve road links to regions with crop surplus, such as the Greenbelt Zone.
  • Improve agricultural practices through inputs and equipment to increase crop performance and productivity.
  • Adopt integrated water resources management plans.
  • Improve water access to facilitate resettlement and improve labor productivity.
  • Explore and facilitate the use of alternative water resources, such as groundwater, in regions that lack access to surface water.
  • Improve access to water to reduce pressures on scarce labor and free up time from collecting water for more productive activities.
  • Extend health services across the country, particularly to rural areas.
  • Research the potential impacts of climate change on the extent and spread of diseases, such as malaria.
  • Implement strategies to address and control diseases.

Gaps and Needs

  • Research is needed on technology options for adaptation in the water resources and agriculture sectors.
  • There is need to identify, inventory and augment existing local coping mechanisms to climate variability.
  • Additional support is needed for the design of comprehensive risk management strategies at the national, provincial and local levels that can enable long-term disaster risk reduction planning and mitigation measures.
  • Development of institutional and policy frameworks for monitoring and conservation of environmental resources is needed.
  • Improved public awareness and involvement will be an essential part of future adaptation programs.
  • Building capacity to use, modify and develop appropriate modelling, forecasting and decision-support tools and software to meet national and local needs is necessary.
  • Given the high vulnerability to flood and drought in South Sudan, forecasting and early warning programs are needed.
  • Information on safe yields for the country’s surface-water sources is lacking.
  • Awareness and knowledge among planners about climate change is lacking.
  • Improved data analysis, sharing and coordination are necessary, and information on water resources, risks and vulnerability in different parts of South Sudan needs to be disseminated at the local level.