Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Slovakia.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Slovakia's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications are derived from the Köppen-Geiger climate classification system, which divides climates into five main climate groups divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five main groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter).  Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Slovakia's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The Slovak Republic is a landlocked country located in Central Europe that shares borders with Austria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Ukraine. The Slovak Republic has a total area of 49,034 km2. It is a naturally diverse country with the west and the north are covered by the Western Carpathian Mountains and large lowlands cover the south. Agricultural soil covers 49.5%, forest soil 41%, water 1.9% and 4.9% is covered by built-up areas. As of 2016, population was 5,435,343. In 2016, the Slovak economy grew by 3.3% reaching a GDP of US 51 billion. This growth was mainly driven by household consumption and net exports of automobile and electronics. The Slovak Republic is located in the mild zone with precipitations equally distributed over the whole year. The Atlantic Ocean impacts the west part of the Slovak Republic and the continental influence is typical for the east part. The Mediterranean climate influences mainly the south of the central part of the Slovak Republic by higher precipitation totals in autumn. During the period 1881-2017, a significant increase of annual air temperature by 2.0°C and insignificant trend of annual precipitation totals by about 1% on average were recorded in the Slovak Republic. Slovakia submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) as an EU Member State in 2015 and its Seventh National Communication in 2017.