Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Slovakia.

Country Summary

This page presents high-level information for Slovakia's climate zones and its seasonal cycle for mean temperature and precipitation for the latest climatology, 1991-2020. Climate zone classifications in the map below use observed, historical data (sourced from the Climate Research Unit [CRU]) and are derived by applying the Köppen-Geiger climate classification methodology. This classification divides climate into five primary climate groups, which are divided based on seasonal precipitation and temperature patterns. The five primary groups are A (tropical), B (dry), C (temperate), D (continental), and E (polar). All climates, except for those in the E group are assigned a seasonal precipitation sub-group (second letter). It is important to understand the different climate contexts that exist within a country as well as the surrounding region when analyzing current climates and projected change. Climate classifications are identified by hovering your mouse over the legend. A narrative overview of Slovakia's country context and climate is provided following the visualizations.

Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification, 1991-2020
  • Af
  • Am
  • As/Aw
  • BWh
  • BWk
  • BSh
  • BSk
  • Csa
  • Csb
  • Csc
  • Cwa
  • Cwb
  • Cwc
  • Cfa
  • Cfb
  • Cfc
  • Dsa
  • Dsb
  • Dsc
  • Dsd
  • Dwa
  • Dwb
  • Dwc
  • Dwd
  • Dfa
  • Dfb
  • Dfc
  • Dfd
  • ET
  • EF

The Slovak Republic is a landlocked country located in Central Europe that shares borders with Austria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Ukraine. The Slovak Republic has a total area of 49,034 km2. It is a naturally diverse country with the west and the north are covered by the Western Carpathian Mountains and large lowlands cover the south. Agricultural soil covers 49.5%, forest soil 41%, water 1.9% and 4.9% is covered by built-up areas. The country has a population of over 5.4 million (2020) people. Besides towns, the population is concentrated in lowlands and basins, highlands and mountains are populated very sparsely. The country’s economy is supported by its services, industry, manufacturing, construction, and agriculture sectors. The country is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change from extreme weather events, such as increase in precipitation and temperature, which increases the risk of flooding. These impacts also effect its key economic sectors, such as agriculture.