Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Rwanda.

Impacts Water

Rwanda possesses abundant freshwater resources. The Upper Nile Basin occupies 67% of the country draining 90% of its surface waters. However, rapid population growth, increased urbanization and industrialization, environmental degradation are contributing to accelerated consumption of the available water resources, while climate change brings in additional challenges. Change in rainfall patterns could pose challenges to water resource management. This calls for improved watershed management that allows for increased water supply and efficiency in all sectors, while also reducing disaster risks through the mitigation of floods and landslides. Rwanda’s Green Growth Strategy (2011) highlighted the need to establish a national integrated water resource management framework that incorporates district and community-based catchment management for adapting to changing climate. In addition, it emphasizes on the importance of mainstreaming water storage, harvesting, conservation, efficient irrigation practices as well as other water efficient technologies.

This section provides insights into projected climate change impacts on various hydrological indicators.