Rwanda is highly vulnerable to climate change as it is strongly reliant on rain-fed agriculture both for rural livelihoods and for exports of mainly tea and coffee. With one of the highest population density in Africa, adaptation concerns are a priority under its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC, 2015). Rwanda's long term vision is to become a climate resilient economy, with strategic objectives to achieve Energy Security and a Low Carbon Energy Supply that supports the development of Green Industry and Services; Sustainable Land Use and Water Resource Management that result in Food Security, appropriate Urban Development and preservation of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, as well as to ensure Social Protection, Improved Health and Disaster Risk Reduction that reduces vulnerability to climate change impacts (Green Growth and Climate Resilience Strategy, 2011). Rwanda’s priority adaptation actions identified in its Green Growth and Climate Resilient Strategy are ongoing and will be partially or fully achieved by 2050. Many of the actions specified under the sectors programmes have both mitigation and adaptation benefits.