Agriculture is a priority sector for Romania's economy and food security. Areas of particular risks involve the banks of the Danube River, known for its fruit and wine production. Precipitation is expected to be higher in winter months and lower in summer months. Temperatures are expected to increase across all seasons. These will result in shorter vegetation periods. Furthermore, physiological effects of rising carbon dioxide concentrations is adversely impacting crops. Winter wheat and maize are particularly at risk. According to expected trends, vegetation periods for maize are projected to decrease by 7 days by 2020 and by 12 days by 2050, resulting in 14% and 21% lower yields, respectively. Expected soil-water deficits are projected to significantly impact grain-fill periods (July-August).
This section provides insights into the climate change impacts on agricultural productivity indicators and the trends in agriculture related socio-economic indicators.