Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Explore the overview for a general context of how climate change is affecting Romania.


Romania is highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and has identified agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, energy, and water resources as the most vulnerable sectors. Romania submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions to the UNFCCC (2015) as a member of the European Union and published its Sixth National Communication in 2013. The country’s climate change adaptation and planning are executed by the Ministry of Environment and Climate Change, through the General Directorate for Green Energy, Climate Change and Sustainable Development, in coordination with the National Environmental Protection Agency. The adoption in 2013 of Romania’s National Climate Change Strategy for 2013-2020 was key for the development of sectoral strategy to achieve GHG emissions reduction and implement adaptation measures to climate change effects.

Key Adaptation Policies & Reports

Adaptation Options for Key Sectors

  • Implement integrated water resources management system and irrigation systems. Improve irrigation-drainage systems, introduce drought-resistant plant species and changes in cropping cycles, and monitor for potential natural hazards.   
  • Invest in effective risk management strategies and trainings of workers in the agricultural sector to improve awareness and increase coping mechanisms.
  • Research and extension services to enhance capacity and delivery of information to the agricultural sector, with particular reference to climate change and the implementation of adaptation options.
  • Improve the weather monitoring network and weather information systems. Publish and distribute agriculture-specific weather forecasts on a frequent basis (e.g. short-term and seasonal forecasts, the monitoring of drought, etc.).
  • Strengthen capacity to generate new forms of empirical knowledge, technologies and agricultural support services that meet emerging development challenges arising from increased climate change and variability.
  • Information on climate variability and future climate change should be provided to public utilities and energy generating facilities to enhance decision making and long-term resilience.
  • Improve capacity of energy systems to sustain cumulative impacts such as: the redundancy at peak periods, the sensitivity of regulators to climate change pressures on infrastructure and the need for redundant capacity, demand management and energy conservation strategies.  
  • Strategic planning at the national level is a high priority. Special attention should be given to competitive and less climate change dependent energy generation methods.
  • Upgrade health-care infrastructure to support more systemic climate change resilience. Build capacity to support the adaptation to extreme weather events and provide the necessary response.
  • Improve and update the inventory of recommendation and adaptation measures for all sectors identified in Romania's strategy for climate change.
  • Improve monitoring and surveillance systems to be conducted at the right geographical and temporal scale that would allow observations of trends and make advance forecasts to direct interventions against climate sensitive diseases.
  • Invest to reduce system losses in water distribution networks and in treated wastewater reuse in industrial sectors, especially for large utilities and in shortage-prone areas.
  • Adaptation measures should focus on reducing the environmental and socio-economic impact form catastrophic floods, mud-slides and bank erosion.
  • Improve efficiency and access to water resources, including water saving technologies and implementing increased mechanization and atomization of water distribution in river basins and irrigation districts, specifically in settled areas.

Gaps and Needs

  • Timing and magnitude of incidence of several important indicators of climate change in the future, as well as the key vulnerabilities, development impact, and possible adaptation responses.
  • Improve science-based understanding of the nature and magnitude of physical and biophysical climate change impacts under differing scenarios.
  • Widen the participation of the public, scientific institutions, women and local communities in planning and management, accounting for approaches and methods of gender equity.
  • Strengthen environmental monitoring capabilities for strengthened and more effective environmental management.
  • Improve observational data through additional weather stations and hydrometeorological instrumentation.
  • Improve technical capacity to analyze hydromet data and project impacts across sectors.
  • Establish institutional capacity for providing timely and early warning systems.
  • Lack of comprehensive institutionalism and cross-sectoral policies. Align strategic planning and implementation of adaptation policies. 
  • Lack of local perspective about climate change. Lack of support capacity from local governments to translate national policies at the regional and local level. 
  • Determine Romania’s environmental priorities linked to its growth and development agenda in relation to climate change mitigation responsibilities and adaptation priorities. 
  • Need for the application of EU requirements to environmental management, delineate responsibilities, subordination and coordination in the sphere of environmental management of central government units, regional government, regional branches of central government units, and local government. 
  • Lack of resources to finance action measures and trigger changes at institutions level.